skip to Main Content
For More Information:

1 USD to CNY US Dollars to Chinese Yuan Renminbi Exchange Rate

Although it’s still possible to pay with cash in China, mobile payment options enjoy growing popularity. The character 圆 (yuán) is a variant of 元 (yuán) and the two share the same pronunciation. As for the 壹 (yī),  it is just another, more complicated form of 一 (yī) that is used by bankers in China as an anti-fraud measure since it is harder to alter than the simple 一 (yī).

  1. Instead, you should expect to pay a significant premium on the exchange rate that you would receive from a licensed currency exchange shop.
  2. It circulated for a few months on the mainland before the end of the civil war.
  3. Banknotes were issued in yuan denominations from the 1890s by several local and private banks, along with banks established by the Imperial government.
  4. The value of CNY is controlled by the People’s Bank of China, which only allows it to fluctuate within a 2% range of the reference rate.

Technically, though, RMB is the name of the Chinese currency (like US Dollar), while CNY is a unit of that currency (like “bucks” or “dollars”). There is, in fact, very little practical difference between the terms RMB (renminbi) and CNY (Chinese yuan), and you will often hear these two words used interchangeably. Confusingly, however, it’s possible that you may also have heard Chinese money referred to as “yuan” (元 yuán), commonly abbreviated as CNY (“Chinese Yuan”). Read on to discover the different between Chinese renminbi (RMB) and yuan (CNY) and learn to talk about China’s currency in both English and Chinese.

Era of the command economy

Anyone suspecting a link between the mao and Chinese former communist leader Mao Zedong would be mistaken. The People’s Bank of China lowered the renminbi’s daily fix to the US dollar by 1.9 per cent to ¥6.2298 on 11 August 2015. evening doji star meaning The People’s Bank of China again lowered the renminbi’s daily fix to the US dollar from ¥6.620 to ¥6.6375 after Brexit on 27 June 2016. The renminbi yuan has different names when used in ethnic minority regions of China.

Chinese paper money comes in denominations of one, five, ten, twenty, fifty and one hundred. The word renminbi came into use the same year the People’s Republic of China was founded, in 1949. The word yuan, however, is much older, and was originally used to refer to the silver coins that European merchants used to trade with Chinese merchants almost 500 years ago. This is good news for businesses located outside China because it makes it easier for them to enter China’s massive market and facilitate transactions, including sending money to China.

It was replaced by currency issued by the People’s Bank of China which was less prone to inflation. The peg was removed in 1935 and the bank allowed CGUs to be released for general use. Already awash with excessive paper currency, the CGUs only added to rampant hyperinflation. The onset of World War II saw a sharp devaluation of the fabi currency.

How Can I Invest in Chinese Currency?

When telling someone how much something costs, you would be unlikely to say “This car costs 10 gold.” You need some sort of unit, such as ounces. Then you could say, “This car costs 10 ounces of gold.” In this example, gold is the currency, and ounce is the unit.

Global payments made simple

Simply top up your card and convert to the currency you need in real time using the Wise app. A dollar collapse won’t likely happen, however, because it’s not in China’s best interests. Selling a big chunk of Treasurys would quickly devalue China’s own remaining holdings.

USD to CNY – Convert US Dollars to Chinese Yuan Renminbi

Check live rates, send money securely, set rate alerts, receive notifications and more. Create a chart for any currency pair in the world to see their currency history. These currency charts use live mid-market rates, are easy to use, and are very reliable. These percentages show how much the exchange rate has fluctuated over the last 30 and 90-day periods. These are the lowest points the exchange rate has been at in the last 30 and 90-day periods. These are the highest points the exchange rate has been at in the last 30 and 90-day periods.


In recognition of the renminbi’s elevated status, in November 2015 the International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced that the renminbi was to become one of its reserve currencies. Thus, it would join the U.S. dollar, the euro, the British pound sterling, and the Japanese yen as one of the IMF’s Special Drawing Rights currencies used for intergovernmental loans. China uses currency controls to maintain the value of the Chinese Yuan at a favorable level.

Several series of the renminbi were issued since the 1950s, each of which has its own banknotes and coins. The fifth series is now legal tender, leading the prior ones to be phased out. Instead, it is managed through a floating exchange rate, which means it is allowed to float in a narrow margin around a fixed base rate determined with reference to a basket of world currencies. Banknotes in circulation come in one, two, five, 10, 20, 50, and 100 yuan denominations, as well as one, two, and five jiao notes.

The currency lost most of its value in 1928 as a consequence of the disturbance following Zhang Zuolin’s assassination. The Fengtien yuan was only issued in banknote form, with 1, 5 and 10 yuan notes issued in 1917, followed by 50 and 100 yuan notes in 1924. The first locally minted silver dollar or yuan accepted all over Qing dynasty China (1644–1912) was the silver dragon dollar introduced in 1889.

It was not until the Communist era began in 1949 that a stable currency was established, using mostly notes, and coins for denominations of 1 yuan and lower. The Chinese yuan renminbi is the official currency of mainland China. As noted above, the term yuan refers to a single unit of the currency while the term renminbi refers to the actual name of the currency itself.

This was effectively the world’s first international currency, beginning to circulate widely in east and southeast Asia in the late 18th century due to Spanish presence in the region, principally the Philippines and Guam. Older fēn and large jiǎo coins are uncommonly still seen in circulation, but are still valid in exchange. In 1991, a new coinage was introduced, consisting of an aluminium ¥0.1, brass ¥0.5 and nickel-clad steel ¥1. These were smaller than the previous jiǎo and yuán coins and depicted flowers on the obverse and the national emblem on the reverse. Issuance of the aluminium ¥0.01 and ¥0.02 coins ceased in 1991, with that of the ¥0.05 halting in 1994. The small coins were still struck for annual uncirculated mint sets in limited quantities, and from the beginning of 2005, the ¥0.01 coin got a new lease on life by being issued again every year since then up to present.

Beginning in the mid-1980s, the government sanctioned foreign exchange markets, known as swap centres, eventually in most large cities. From 1949 until the late 1970s, the state fixed China’s exchange rate at a highly overvalued level as part of the country’s import-substitution strategy. During this time frame, the focus of the state’s central planning was to accelerate industrial development and reduce China’s dependence on imported manufactured goods. The overvaluation allowed the government to provide imported machinery and equipment to priority industries at a relatively lower domestic currency cost than otherwise would have been possible.

Back To Top